Timothy Dwight Theology Explained And Defended My Dissertation

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Scientist and philosopher.


American geologist, minerologist, zoologist. Silliman Professor of Natural History and Geology at Yale College. Awarded the Wollaston Medal by the Geological Society of London in 1874, the Copley Medal by the Royal Society in 1877, and the Clarke Medal by the Royal Society of New South Wales in 1882. Read more about Dana here and here.

  • Manual of Geology. Theodore Bliss and Co., Philadelphia, 1863. "The record in the Bible is, therefore, profoundly philosophical in the scheme of creation which it presents. It is both true and divine. It is a declaration of authorship, both of Creation and the Bible, on the first page of the sacred volume.

    "There can be no real conflict between the two Books [Old and New Testament] of the GREAT AUTHOR. Both are revelations made by Him to man, -- the earlier telling of God-made harmonies coming up from the deep past, and rising to their height when man appeared, the later teaching man's relations to his Maker, and speaking of loftier harmonies in the eternal future."

  • Science and the Bible.

Puritan clergyman. Read more about Davenport here.

  • The Knowledge of Christ indispensably required of all men that would be saved, or, Demonstrative proofs from Scripture that crucified Jesus is the Christ: wherein the types, prophesies, genealogies, miracles, humiliation, exaltation, and the mediatorial office of Christ are opened and applyed: in sundry sermons on Acts 2:36 / by John Davenport. London: Printed for L. Chapman, and are to be sold at his shop, 1653. [6], 87 pp.

Irish Biblical scholar. Read more about Davidson here. Samuel Davidson is often mistakenly listed as a member of the Old Testament Revision Committee for the Revised Version of 1881. However, this confusion is due simply to his sharing the same last name with the Rev. A. B. Davidson, D. D., Professor of Hebrew, Free Church College, Edinburgh, who actually was on that committee.

  • The Text of the Old Testament considered, with a treatise on sacred interpretation, and a brief introduction to the Old Testament books and the Apocrypha. London: Longman, Brown, Green, Longmans, & Roberts, 1856. xxxii, 1100 pp. 24 cm.

Chaplain to the Bristol Infirmary.


New York businessman and author.

  • An Authentic Account of the Massacre of Joseph Smith, the Mormon prophet, and Hyrum Smith, his Brother: Together With a Brief History of the Rise and Progress of Mormonism, and All the Circumstances Which Led to Their Death. St. Louis, Printed by Chambers & Knapp, 1844. 47 pp.
  • Autobiography of the late Col. Geo. T.M. Davis, captain and aid-de-camp Scott's army of invasion (Mexico), from posthumous papers. New York [Press of Jenkins and McCowan], 1891. 395 pp. 19 cm.

Historian.


American missionary. Learn more about Davis here.


Historian and author. Learn more about Dawson here.



Popular preacher of his era.

  • The Essential Deity of the Messiah; and the great importance of that article of the Christian faith, considered in a sermon, preached in the Cathedral-Church of St. Paul, Jan. 24, 1790; By C. E. De Coetlogon. London: printed for J. F. and C. Rivington, 1790. 26, [2] pp.

Biblical scholar.


Attorney and author. Read more about DeLand here.


Irish clergyman.

  • A Humble Apology for Christian Orthodoxy. London: printed for J. Rivington; and R. and J. Dodsley, 1761. xvi, 44 pp. A reissue of the unsigned edition of 1761 with the final gathering reset to include on p.44 an additional note from the author beginning "I have but one short inference and observation to add,". Reproduction of original from the British Library.
  • Revelation Examined with Candour; Or, a fair enquiry into the sense and use of the several revelations expresly declared, or sufficiently implied, By a professed friend to an honest freedom of thought in religious inquiries. The Fourth edition, corrected and enlarged. London: printed for John and James Rivington, 1745. 2 volumes, plate; 80. Volume 1; Volume 2. A third volume was added in 1763: Volume 3, 1763 edition. London: printed for W. Johnston, 1763. 291 pp.

Professor of New Testament.

  • Jesus and the Gospel; Christianity justified in the mind of Christ. 4th edition. London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1913. xvi, 418 pp. 21 cm.

Philosopher. Learn more about Descartes here and here

  • [Discours de la méthode. English] A Discourse of a method for the well-guiding of reason, and the discovery of truth in the sciences. London: Printed by Thomas Newcombe, for John Holden at the Anchour in the new Exchange, 1649. [10], 127, [1] pp. PDF file.
  • [Discours de la méthode. English] The Harvard classics; v. 34, pt. 1. A Discourse of a method for the well-guiding of reason, and the discovery of truth in the sciences. New York: Bartleby.com, 2001, 1909. "This seminal work of the seventeenth-century philosopher would sweep away the accepted truths of the past to create the foundation of modern thought."
  • Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting the Reason, and Seeking Truth in the Sciences. Sourced from Project Gutenberg.

French political thinker. Read more about de Tocqueville here and here.

  • [De la démocratie en Amérique -- English] Democracy in America. Cambridge: Sever and Francis, 1862. 2 vols.; 23 cm. Translated by Henry Reeve. Edited, with notes, the translation revised and in great part rewritten, and the additions made to the recent Paris editions now first translated, by Francis Bowen, Alford Professor of Moral Philosophy in Harvard University. Volume 1 of 2. 582 pp. Volume 2 of 2. 512 pp.
    • [De la démocratie en Amérique -- English] Democracy in America. Introduction. Cambridge: Sever and Francis, 1862. 2 vols.; 23 cm.
    • Chapter XVII. Principal Causes Which Tend to Maintain the Democratic Republic in the United States. Democracy in America. Translated by Henry Reeve; edited, with notes, the translation revised and in great part rewritten, and the additions made to the recent Paris editions now first translated by Francis Bowen. Vol. 1. Cambridge, 1862. 2 vols.

      ?The sects which exist in the United States are innumerable. They all differ in respect to the worship which is due to the Creator; but they all agree in respect to the duties which are due from man to man. Each sect adores the Deity in its own peculiar manner; but all sects preach the same moral law in the name of God. If it be of the highest importance to man, as an individual, that his religion should be true, it is not so to society. Society has no future life to hope for or to fear: and provided the citizens profess a religion, the peculiar tenents of that religion are of little importance to its interests. Moreover, all the sects of the United States are comprised within the great unity of Christianity, and Christian morality is everywhere the same.?

    • Chapter IX. That The Americans Apply the Principle of Interest Rightly Understood to Religious Matters. Democracy in America. Translated by Henry Reeve; edited, with notes, the translation revised and in great part rewritten, and the additions made to the recent Paris editions now first translated by Francis Bowen. Vol. 2. Cambridge, 1862. 2 vols.
    • Biographical Notice of de Tocqueville, Democracy in America. Translated by Henry Reeve; edited, with notes, the translation revised and in great part rewritten, and the additions made to the recent Paris editions now first translated by Francis Bowen. Vol. 2. Cambridge, 1862. 2 vols.

Read more about Dewey here. Disclaimer: Dewey was a Unitarian minister.

  • Discourse on Miracles, preliminary to the argument for a revelation: being the Dudleian lecture delivered before Harvard University, May 14th, 1836. First printed in the Christian Examiner. Cambridge: Folsom, Wells, and Thurston, 1836. 23 pp. Series: Dudleian lectures; 1836.

Reverend.

  • The Family in the history of Christianity. New York: W.B. Ketcham, 1886. 23 pp.; 24 cm. A lecture delivered before the American Institute of Christian Philosophy, July 27, 1885./ Reproduction of original from Harvard Law School Library.

Presbyterian minister and President of College of New Jersey. Read more about Dickinson here.


  • Law, Lawyers and Honesty. Bridgeport, Conn., 1922. 153 pp. "With the unfortunate exceptions of notable departures, it may be assumed that the structure of the civil laws is founded entirely on the laws of God."

English judge.


Earl of Beaconsfield (1804?1881), prime minister and novelist.

  • Lord George Bentinck: A Political Biography. Second edition. London, Colburn and Co., 1852. viii, 588 pp. 22 cm.

    From Chapter 24:

    Nor is it indeed historically true that the small section of the Jewish race which dwelt in Palestine rejected Christ. The reverse is the truth. Had it not been for the Jews of Palestine the good tidings of our Lord would have been unknown for ever to the northern and western races. The first preachers of the gospel were Jews, and none else; the historians of the gospel were Jews, and none else. No one has ever been permitted to write under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit except a Jew. For nearly a century no one believed in the good tidings except Jews. They nursed the sacred flame of which they were the consecrated and hereditary depositories. And when the time was right to diffuse the truth among the ethnicks, it was not a senator of Rome or a philosopher of Athens who was personally appointed by our Lord for that office, but a Jew of Tarsus, who founded the seven churches of Asia. And that greater church, great even amid its terrible corruptions, that has avenged the victory of Titus by subjugating the capital of the Caesars and has changed every one of the Olympian temples into altars of the God of Sinai and of Calvary, was founded by another Jew, a Jew of Galilee.

    From all which it appears that the dispersion of the Jewish race, preceding as it did for countless ages the advent of our Lord, could not be for conduct which occurred subsequently to the advent, and that they are also guiltless of that subsequent conduct which has been imputed to them as a crime, since for Him and His blessed name they preached, and wrote, and shed their blood 'as witnesses'.

    ...The wildest dreams of their rabbis have been far exceeded. Has not Jesus conquered Europe and changed its name to Christendom? All countries that refuse the cross wither, and the time will come, when the vast communities and countless myriads of America and Australia, looking upon Europe as Europe now looks upon Greece, and wondering how so small a space could have achieved such great deeds, will find music in the songs of Zion and solace in the parables of Galilee.


Mathematician. Read more about Ditton here.

  • A Discourse Concerning the Resurrection of Jesus Christ:In three parts. Wherein I. The consequences of the doctrine are stated hypothetically. II. The nature and obligation of moral evidence are explain'd at large. III. The proofs of the fact of Our Saviour's resurrection are propos'd, examined, and fairly demonstrated to be conclusive. Together with an appendix concerning the impossible production of thought from matter and motion. The 4th edition. London: Printed for J. Batley and T. Cox, 1727. vi, viii, 430 pp.; 21 cm.


British Nonconformist leader. Read more about Doddridge here and here

  • The Evidences of Christianity briefly stated and the New Testament proved to be genuine. In three judicious and excellent sermons. By P. Doddridge, D.D. London: printed, by H. L. Galabin, for Vernor and Hood; and T. Wiche, 1799. 80 pp.; 120. Also here.

    But before I proceed, I must desire you to observe, that there is no Proof in the World so satisfactory to the true Christian, as to have felt the transforming Power of the Gospel on his own Soul. As that illiterate Man whose Eyes were miraculously opened by Christ, when he was questioned by the Jewish Sanhedrim, who endeavoured with all their Sophistry to prove Christ an Impostor, answered with great Steadiness and Constancy, and with a great deal of Reason too, This one Thing I know, that whereas I was blind, now I see: So the most unlearned of the Disciples of Jesus, having found his Soul enlightened and sanctified, and felt his Heart so effectually wrought upon, as to bring him home to his Duty, his GOD, and his Happiness, by the constraining Power of the Gospel, will despise a thousand subtle Objections which may be urged against it: And though the Cross of Christ be to the Jews a Stumbling block, and to the Greeks Foolishness, yet with this Experience of its saving Energy, he will honour it in the Midst of all their Contempt and Ridicule, as the Power of GOD, and the Wisdom of God. In this Sense, though the miraculous Communication of the Spirit be ceased, he that believes, hath still the Witness in himself; and while the Spirit beareth Witness with his Spirit, that he is a Child of GOD, he cannot doubt, but that the Word, by which he was, as it were, begotten unto him, is indeed a Divine and incorruptible Seed. And perhaps, there are certain Seasons of pressing Temptation, in which the most learned, as well of the most illiterate Christian, will find this the surest Anchor of his Hope.

    Nevertheless, it must be acknowledged, that this glorious kind of evidence is like the white stone, mentioned in the Revelation, in which there was a new name written, which no man knew, but he who received it. God has therefore made other provision for the honour and support of his Gospel, by furnishing it with a variety of proof, which may with undiminished, and indeed with growing conviction, be communicated from one to another. And we should be greatly wanting in gratitude to him, in zeal for a redeemer's kingdom, and in charitable concern for the conversion of those who reject the Gospel, as well as for the edification of those who embrace it, should we wholly overlook these arguments, or neglect to acquaint ourselves with them. This is the evidence, which I am now to propose; and I desire you would hear it with a becoming attention. I speak to you, as to rational creatures; judge ye of the reasonableness of what I shall say. --3rd ed. (London: J. Waugh, 1752), pp. 6-7.

  • Submission to divine providence in the death of children, recommended and inforced, in a sermon preached at Northampton, on the death of a very amiable and hopeful child, about five years old. Published out of compassion to mourning parents. The second edition. London, 1740. 43 pp.
  • Ten sermons on the power, and grace of Christ, and on the evidences of his glorious gospel; preached at Northampton. The second edition, with some additions. London, 1741. 335pp.
  • The Family Expositor: or, a Paraphrase and Version of the New Testament; with critical notes. The sixth edition. Edinburgh, 1772. 492 pp. Vol. 1 of 6.
  • The Family Expositor: or, a Paraphrase and Version of the New Testament; with critical notes. The sixth edition. Edinburgh, 1772. 651 pp. Vol. 2 of 6.
  • The Family Expositor: or, a Paraphrase and Version of the New Testament; with critical notes. The sixth edition. Edinburgh, 1772. 577 pp. Vol. 3 of 6.
  • The Family Expositor: or, a Paraphrase and Version of the New Testament; with critical notes. The sixth edition. Edinburgh, 1772. 487 pp. Vol. 4 of 6.
  • The Family Expositor: or, a Paraphrase and Version of the New Testament; with critical notes. The sixth edition. Edinburgh, 1772. 485 pp. Vol. 5 of 6.
  • The Family Expositor: or, a Paraphrase and Version of the New Testament; with critical notes.The sixth edition. Edinburgh, 1772. 535 pp. Vol. 6 of 6.
  • Sermons on the religious education of children; preached at Northampton. By Philip Doddridge, D.D. [Portsmouth, N.H.], 1790. 113pp.
  • A Dissertation on the Inspiration of the New Testament, as proved from the facts recorded in the historical books of it. London, 1793. 82pp.
  • Sermons to Young Persons, on the following subjects: viz. I. The importance of the rising generation. II. Christ formed in the soul the foundation of hope. III. A dissuasive from keeping wicked company. The fourth edition London, 1773. 161 pp.
  • The Rise and Progress of Religion in the soul: illustrated in a course of serious and practical addresses, suited to persons of every character and circumstance: with a devout meditation or prayer added to each chapter. By P. Doddridge, D.D. To which is added, a sermon on the care of the soul. The thirteenth edition. 1795.
  • A Course of Lectures on the principal subjects in pneumatology, ethics, and divinity: with references to the most considerable authors on each subject. By the late Rev. Philip Doddridge, D.D. The fourth edition. To which are added, a great number of references, ... By Andrew Kippis Vol. 1 , 513pp. and Vol. 2, 547 pp. London, 1799.
  • Practical Discourses on Regeneration, in ten sermons. On the following subjects: I. The character of the unregenerate. II. III. The nature of regeneration. IV. V. VI. The necessity and importance of it. VII. The Divine influences necessary to produce it. VIII. The various methods in which those influences operate. IX. Dirctions to awakened sinners. X. An address to the regenerate. Preached at Northampton ... The sixth edition. To which is added the Scripture doctrine of salvation by grace through faith; illustrated and improved in two sermons. London, 1799. 330pp.
  • Practical Discourses on Regeneration. By Philip Doddridge, D.D. With a memoir of the author. Philadelphia, American Baptist publication society, 1855. 343 pp. 17cm. Also here.
  • Three Discourses on the Evidences of the Christian Religion. Boston: Printed and sold by Manning & Loring, 1817. 108 pp.
      But before I proceed, I must desire you to observe, that there is no proof in the world so satisfactory to the true Christian, as to have felt the transforming power of the gospel on his own soul. As that illiterate man whose eyes were miraculously opened by Christ, when he was questioned by the Jewish Sanhedrim, who endeavoured with all their sophistry to prove Christ an impostor, answered with great steadiness and constancy, and with a great deal of reason too, "this one thing I know, that whereas I was blind, now I see" (John 9:25): so the most unlearned of the disciples of Jesus, having found his soul enlightened and sanctified, and felt his heart so effectually wrought upon, as to bring him home to his duty, his GOD, and his happiness, by the constraining power of the gospel, will despise a thousand subtle objections which may be urged against it: and though the cross of christ be to the Jews a stumbling block, and to the Greeks foolishness, yet with this experience of its saving energy, he will honour it in the midst of all their contempt and ridicule, as the power of GOD, and the wisdom of God.(1 Corinthians 1:23, 24) In this sense, though the miraculous communication of the spirit be ceased, "he that believes, hath still the witness in himself";(1 John v. 10) and while the "Spirit beareth witness with his spirit, that he is a child of GOD," (Romans 8:16) he cannot doubt, but that the word, by which he was, as it were, begotten unto him, is indeed "a divine and incorruptible seed." (James 1:18) And perhaps, there are certain seasons of pressing temptation, in which the most learned, as well of the most illiterate Christian, will find this the surest anchor of his hope.

      Nevertheless, it must be acknowledged, that this glorious kind of evidence is like the white stone, mentioned in the Revelation, in which there was a new name written, which no man knew, but he who received it. God has therefore made other provision for the honour and support of his Gospel, by furnishing it with a variety of proof, which may with undiminished, and indeed with growing conviction, be communicated from one to another. And we should be greatly wanting in gratitude to him, in zeal for a redeemer's kingdom, and in charitable concern for the conversion of those who reject the Gospel, as well as for the edification of those who embrace it, should we wholly overlook these arguments, or neglect to acquaint ourselves with them. This is the evidence, which I am now to propose; and I desire you would hear it with a becoming attention. I speak to you, as to rational creatures; judge ye of the reasonableness of what I shall say.--pp. 7-8.


Scottish theologian. Read more about Dods here.


Church of England clergyman.

  • Desireableness of the Christian Faith illustrated and applied. A sermon preached at the triennial visitation. Held at Reading, on Thursday August 30, 1744. The second edition. Sarum: printed by E. Easton: and sold by C. Hitch and L. Hawes; R. Baldwin, [London]; and by J. Fletcher, Oxford, 1762. [2],39,[3] pp.; 80.
  • The Practical Influence of the Holy Trinity Represented. A sermon preached before the University of Oxford, on Trinity Sunday. June 9th, 1745. By William Dodwell Dodwell, William, 1709-1785. Oxford: printed for James Fletcher; sold by Sam. Birt, and J. Rivington, London, 1745. 33,[1] pp.; 80.


Polymath and abolitionist.


Scottish man of letters. Read more about Douglas here

  • The Criterion: or, Miracles examined, with a view to expose the pretensions of pagans and Papists, to compare the miraculous powers recorded in the New Testament, with those said to subsist in later times, and to shew the great and material difference between them in point of evidence. From whence it will appear that the former must be true, and the latter may be false. / By the Rev. John Douglas. London: Printed for A. Millar, in the Strand, 1757. [4], 402, [2] pp. (last p. blank); 21 cm.
  • An Apology for the clergy; with a view to expose the groundless assertions of a late commentator on the 107th Psalm; and to undeceive the admirers of certain popular declaimers. The second edition. London, printed for S. Bladon, 1755. [2],37,[1]pp.

Banker. Read more about Drummond here.


Reformed minister and religious controversialist.

  • A Treatise of the knowledge of God, as excellently as compendiously handled by the famous and learned divine, Peter Du Moulin, late minister of the Reformed Church in Paris, and professor of theologie in the Vniversitie of Sedan. . Faithfully translated out of the originall. [sic] By Robert Codrington, Master of Arts. London: Printed by A. M[athewes] and are to be sold by William Sheares, at the signe of the Harrow in Britaines-Bursse, and at his shop neere Yorke-house, 1634. [8], 72, [4] pp. British Library.

Reverend of Christ Church. Read more about Duche here.

  • The Duty of standing fast in our spiritual and temporal liberties: a sermon, preached in Christ-Church, July 7th, 1775. Before the First Battalion of the city and liberties of Philadelphia; and now published at their request. Philadelphia: Printed and sold by James Humphreys, Junior, the corner of Black-Horse Alley, Front-Street, 1775.
  • Sermon on Liberty. Introduction by David Barton.
  • The American vine: A Sermon, preached in Christ-Church, Philadelphia, before the Honourable Continental Congress, July 20th, 1775. Being the day recommended by them for a general fast throughout the united English colonies of America. Philadelphia: Printed by James Humphreys, Junior, 1775.

Reverend.

  • The Principles of the Christian religion. Translated from the French by the Revd Thomas Lally, In three volumes. Vol. 1 of 3. London, printed for John Nourse, 1749. 413 pp.

French physicist, mathematician and philosopher of science. Read about Duhem here, here, and here.

  • Peter E. Hodgson. Pierre Duhem: historian of the Christian origin of science. Contemporary Review, Tuesday, March 1, 1994. "The work of Duhem is of great relevance today, for it shows clearly the Christian roots of modern science, thus decisively refuting the alleged incompatibility of science and Christianity still propagated by the secularist establishment. Science is an integral part of Christian culture, a lesson still to be learned even within the Christian Church. From this follows the importance of detailed and accurate scientific studies of many aspects of modern life before any moral judgements are made."
  • Le système du monde; histoire des doctrines cosmologiques de Platon à Copernic. Paris, Librairie Scientifique Hermann, 1954-1959. 10 v. diagrs. 25 cm. OCLC: 1105734.
  • Pierre Maurice Marie Duhem, Pierre Duhem, Roger Ariew. Translated by Roger Ariew. Medieval Cosmology: Theories of Infinity, Place, Time, Void, and the Plurality of Worlds. University of Chicago Press, 1987. 642 pp. "These selections from Le système du monde, the classic ten-volume history of the physical sciences written by the great French physicist Pierre Duhem (1861-1916), focus on cosmology, Duhem's greatest interest. By reconsidering the work of such Arab and Christian scholars as Averroes, Avicenna, Gregory of Rimini, Albert of Saxony, Nicole Oresme, Duns Scotus, and William of Occam, Duhem demonstrated the sophistication of medieval science and cosmology."
  • Pierre Maurice Marie Duhem, Pierre Duhem, Roger Ariew, Peter Barker. Essays in the History and Philosophy of Science. Hackett Publishing, 1996. 290 pp. Translated by Roger Ariew, Peter Barker. Limited preview. "Here, for the first time in English, are the philosophical essays - including the first statement of the "Duhem Thesis" - that formed the basis for Aim and Structure of Physical Theory, together with new translations of the historiographical essays presenting the equally celebrated "Continuity Thesis" by Pierre Duhem (1861-1916), a founding figure of the history and philosophy of science. Prefaced by an introduction on Duhem's intellectual development and continuing significance, here as well are important subsequent essays in which Duhem elaborated key concepts and critiqued such contemporaries as Henri Poincare and Ernst Mach. Together, these works offer a lively picture of the state of science at the turn of the century while addressing methodological issues that remain at the center of debate today."
  • Pierre Maurice Marie Duhem, G. A. Oravas. [L'evolution de la mécanique. English] The Evolution of Mechanics. Springer, 1980. 194 pp. Limited preview.
  • [Sozein ta phainomena, essai sur la notion de théorie physique de Platon à Galilée. English.] To Save the phenomena, an essay on the idea of physical theory from Plato to Galileo. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1969. xxvi, 120 pp. 23 cm. Translated from the French by Edmund Doland and Chaninah Maschler. With an introductory essay by Stanley L. Jaki.
  • Octave Manville; Jacques Hadamard; A Darbon. L'oeuvre scientifique de Pierre Duhem, professeur de physique théorique à la Faculté des Sciences de l'Université de Bordeaux, membre de l'Institut. Paris: A. Blanchard, 1928. 554 pp., [1] leaf of plates: port.; 25 cm. I. La physique de Pierre Duhem / par Octave Manville -- II. L'oeuvre de Pierre Duhem dans son aspect mathématique / par J. Hadamard -- III. L'histoire des sciences dans l'oeuvre de P. Duhem / par A. Darbon.
  • Ernest Brown. The Passion of Pierre Duhem.
  • Paul Brouzeng. Duhem, 1861-1916: Science et providence. Paris: Belin, 1987. 187 pp.: ill.; 22 cm. Préface d'Adolphe Pacault.
  • Stanley L. Jaki. Uneasy Genius: The Life and work of Pierre Duhem. The Hague; Boston: Nijhoff; Hingham, MA: Distributors for the U.S. and Canada, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1984. xii, 472 pp.: ill.; 25 cm.
  • Stanley L. Jaki. Science and Censorship: Hélène Duhem and the publication of the "Système du monde". Bryn Mawr, Pa. Intercollegiate Studies Institute, 1985. 41-49 pp. 26 cm. From The Intercollegiate Review, Winter 1985-86./ Includes bibliographical references.
  • R. N. D. Martin. Pierre Duhem: Philosophy and history in the work of a believing physicist. La Salle, Ill.: Open Court, 1991. xi, 274 pp.; 24 cm. Limited preview.
  • Jaime Wisniak. Pierre Maurice Marie Duhem: A Polemical Scientist. The Chemical Educator, Volume 5 Issue 3 (2000) pp 156-161. Published online: 1 June 2000. Abstract. "Pierre Duhem was a multifaceted and prolific scientist active in thermodynamics, physics, history, and philosophy. His rigid and noncompromising attitude, together with deep religious feelings at a time when France was riding a very strong wave of anticlericalism, led to his being unable to teach in Paris and to academic exile in the provinces. He was a prolific writer and he left his name on many equations such as the Gibbs-Duhem and Duhem-Margules equations. We present here a general picture of his life and activities against the political climate in France as well as a discussion of some of his most important contributions to thermodynamics."

Church of Scotland minister.



Federalist congressman.


Congregationalist minister, President of Yale. Read more about Dwight here.

  • America, or, A poem on the settlement of the British Colonies: addressed to the friends of freedom, and their country. New Haven, 1780. 11 pp.
  • A Sermon, preached at Northampton, on the twenty-eighth of November, 1781: occasioned by the capture of the British army, under the command of ... . Hartford, 1781. 33 pp.
  • Virtuous rulers a national blessing: a sermon, preached at the general election, May 12th, 1791. Hartford, 1791. 41 pp.
  • A Discourse, on the genuineness and authenticity of the New-Testament: delivered at New-Haven, September 10th, 1793, at the annual lecture. New-York: 1794. 77 pp.
  • The True Means of establishing public happiness. A sermon, delivered on the 7th of July, 1795, before the Connecticut Society of Cincinnati, and published at their request. New-Haven, 1795.
  • Political Sermons: Dwight, T. Duty of Americans at the present crisis. 1798. Volume 2 of Political Sermons. 1798.
    To explain my meaning, here, with reference to a christian nation, I would say, that--When the rulers of a christian country recommend Christianity by their practice and example: When they discover a reverence for it by faithfully enacting and executing laws for the suppression of vice and immorality: When, without infringing on the rights of conscience, they encourage true piety, by countenancing those who profess, practice and teach it: When, on suitable occasions, and in public acts, the Being and Providence of God, and our accountableness to him, are recognised, and the honour which is due to his Son is rendered: When the moral laws of God, relative to man, as well as to himself, are truly regarded, by those whose station gives influence and fashion to their conduct, and renders it in a sort the representation and expression of national sentiment on the subject of morals: And when, in addition to this, the great principles of piety and morality already recited, are so generally and effectually taught and inculcated on the people at large, as really to influence the public mind, and in some good degree to form the popular opinions and habits:--this I would say was a performance of duty,--this would secure to a christian nation the benefits of the divine promise. But when, among those who preside over the people, the very being, attributes, and providence of God are denied, or when there is a studied omission of every idea that refers to his government, or to our dependence on him: When, thro' a hatred of Christianity, it is disavowed, despised, laughed at, and in the most contemptuous manner trampled under foot; or when thro' pusillanimity or impious policy, a country conceals its attachment to the religion of Jesus; or when the profession of attachment is only a thin veil of hypocracy: When the leading men of a nation flagrantly and shamelessly violate every moral law; And when the people at large love to have it so, and are rapidly assimilating to the same corrupt standard; then they subject themselves to the divine denunciation, and are treading on the brink of destruction.
  • The Nature and Danger of Infidel Philosophy, exhibited in two discourses, addressed to the candidates for the baccalaureate, in Yale College. Bristol: 1799. 92 pp.
  • The Nature and Danger of Infidel Philosophy, exhibited in two discourses, addressed to the candidates for the baccalaureate, in Yale College. New Haven: 1799. 95 pp. Contains 12 sermons preached in New England, on special occassions, including Fourth of July and Thanksgiving. Also includes a funeral sermon on the death of George Washington.
    Speeches, addresses, etc., American -- Early works to 1800. Note(s): Bound with: Absalom's conspiracy: a sermon preached at the general election at Hartford in the state of Connecticut, May 10th, 1798 / by Azel Backus. Hartford: Printed by Hudson and Goodwin, 1798 -- A discourse delivered in the First Presbyterian Church of Philadelphia, on Wednesday, May 9th, 1798, recommended by the President of the United States to be observed as a day of fasting, humiliation, and prayer, throughout the United States of North America / by Samuel Blair. Philadelphia: Published by James Watters & Co., 1798 -- A sermon preached in the Presbyterian Church at Alexandria, on the 9th of May, 1798: being the day appointed for a general fast / by the Revd. Doctor James Muir. Philadelphia: Published by William Cobbett, 1798 -- A sermon, preached in Christ Church and St. Peter's, Philadelphia: on Wednesday, May 9, 1798: being the day appointed by the President, as a day of fasting, humiliation, and prayer, throughout the United States of North America / by James Abercrombie. Philadelphia: Published by John Ormrod, [1798] -- Obedience to the laws of God, the sure and indispensable defence of nations: a discourse delivered in the Second Presbyterian Church, in the city of Philadelphia, May 9th, 1798: being the day appointed by the president of the United States to be observed as a season for solemn humiliation, fasting, and prayer / by Ashbel Green. Philadelphia: Published by John Ormrod, [1798] -- The duty of Americans, at the present crisis: illustrated in a discourse, preached on the Fourth of July, 1798 / by the Reverend Timothy Dwight. New Haven: Printed by Thomas and Samuel Green, 1798 -- A sermon, on the dangers of the times, from infidelity and immorality; and especially from a lately discovered conspiracy against religion and government: delivered at West-Springfield, and afterward at Springfield / by Joseph Lathrop. Springfield: Printed by Francis Stebbins, 1798 -- The choice: a discourse occasioned by the present severe drought, the mortal fever which prevails in Portsmouth, in this near vicinity, and in many of our capital sea-port towns, and the threatening prospect of a calamitous war with a powerful nation: delivered at Greenland, Sept. 9, 1798 / by Samuel Macclintock. Boston: Printed by Thomas Adams, 1798 -- Political instruction from the prophecies of God's word: A sermon, preached on the state Thanksgiving, Nov. 29, 1798 / by Nathan Strong. Hartford: Printed by Hudson and Goodwin, 1798 -- A memorial of divine benefits: in a sermon, delivered at Exeter, on the 15th, and at Haverhill, on the 29th of November, 1798, days of public thanksgiving, in New-Hampshire and Massachusetts / by Abiel Abbot. Haverhill, Massachusetts: Printed by Moore and Stebbins, 1798 -- A discourse, delivered on Friday, December 27, 1799: the day set apart by the citizens of Hartford, to lament before God, the death of Gen. George Washington, who died Dec. 14, 1799 / by Nathan Strong. Hartford: Printed by Hudson and Goodwin, 1800./ Spine title from the name of the original owner of this collection, George Thacher, member of the Continental Congress./ One leaf bound in front containing handwritten Table of contents./ Includes bibliographical references.
  • A Discourse, deliverd [sic] at New-Haven, Feb. 22, 1800: on the character of George Washington, esq. at the request of the citizens. New Haven, 1800. 54 pp.
  • A Discourse on Some Events in the Last Century, delivered in the Brick Church in New Haven, on Wednesday, January 7, 1801. By Timothy Dwight, D.D. president of Yale College. New Haven: Printed by Ezra Read, 1801. 55 pp. Text-searchable here.
  • A Sermon on duelling: preached in the chapel of Yale college, New-Haven, September 9th, 1804, and in the Old Presbyterian church, New-York . New York, 1805. 37 pp.
  • A Discourse occasioned by the death of His Excellency Jonathan Trumbull, esq., Governor of the State of Connecticut. New Haven, 1809. 27 pp.
  • Theology explained and defended: in a series of sermons. Volume 1. Middletown, Conn, 1818-1819. 620 pp. 5 vols.
  • Theology explained and defended: in a series of sermons. Volume 2. Middletown, Conn, 1818-1819. 610 pp. 5 vols.
  • Theology explained and defended: in a series of sermons. Volume 3. Middletown, Conn, 1818-1819. 538 pp. 5 vols.
  • Theology explained and defended: in a series of sermons. Volume 4. Middletown, Conn, 1818-1819. 565 pp. 5 vols.
  • Theology explained and defended: in a series of sermons. Volume 5. Middletown, Conn, 1818-1819. 603 pp. 5 vols.
  • President Dwight's decisions of questions discussed by the senior class in Yale College, in 1813 and 1814. New York, 1833. 330 pp.

Lawyer and statesman. Read more about Dyer here.

  • Eliphalet Dyer to Jonathan Trumbull, Sr., April 12, 1783. From Letters of Delegates to Congress: Volume 20 March 12, 1783 - September 30, 1783. "May God who has Caused the Warrs to Cease from abroad, restore & Confirm internal Peace, order, & harmony, & dispose us all to a Gratefull Acknowledgement of His Abundant goodness to a sinfull & undeserving People, & to that repentance, obedience, and Righteousness which will Exalt & Establish a Nation."

Quaker moralist and peace advocate.


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