Rafay Baloch Research Papers On Waffle

Rafay Baloch says ethica­l hackin­g is one way to change Pakist­an’s image

Rafay Baloch says ethical hacking is one way to change Pakistan’s image. STOCK IMAGE


He is doing Pakistan proud, and feels his work is one way the image of Pakistan can be improved globally. Yet, this celebrated final-year computer science student at Bahria University has not yet received the recognition he deserves.

The world’s leading information security publications have featured Pakistani security researcher, Rafay Baloch, as one of the top ethical hackers in 2014, putting the 21-year-old Karachiite on top of their lists, The Express Tribune learnt on Thursday.

“Ethical hacking, which makes the information world more secure, is one way we [Pakistanis] can change our country’s negative perception in the world,” said Baloch.

CheckMarx, a source code analysis company based out of Tel Aviv, Israel, recognised Baloch as one of the world’s top five ethical hackers who made the headlines in 2014 for exposing a serious vulnerability – a Same-Origin Policy (SOP) bypass – in Android’s Open Source Platform browser (versions older than 4.4).

The recognition comes from a company that has, arguably, the best tool for Static Application Security Testing. CheckMarx was ranked number one for static analysis in “Critical Capabilities for Application Security Testing”, a 2014 report by the world’s leading information technology research and advisory company, Gartner.

“Contrary to common belief, many high-profile hackings in 2014 were performed by ethical hackers interested only in the benefit of the community,” CheckMarx said in a blog post on December 31, 2014, terming 2014 the year of the mega attacks, such as the Snapchat fiasco, iCloud photo leaks and North Korean orchestrated Sony Pictures hacking.

“Rafay Baloch took the world by storm after finding glaring flaws in Android’s stock AOSP browser,” read the post, putting Baloch on top of their list, which also featured ethical hackers from Israel, Egypt and Switzerland among top five in the world.

According to CheckMarx, the security loopholes identified by the Pakistani white hat “have not been addressed and are allowing hackers to steal session cookies to this very day, enabling them to perform a wide variety of malicious actions including identity theft”.

According to the world’s leading information security magazine based out of New York City, The SC Magazine, “Baloch has responsibly disclosed hundreds of vulnerabilities in his roughly six-year career in security research. His biggest discovery may be CVE-2014-6041, a bug that could allow a bad actor to circumvent the AOSP browser’s SOP”. The magazine published this on December 8, 2014 in an article titled Reboot 25: Threat seekers.

The magazine added that it was a significant issue; it was covered by major news outlets and was deemed a privacy disaster by security experts, and at the time impacted approximately 75 per cent of Android users running platforms older than version 4.4.

Though none of the two publications ranked the security researchers covered in their reports, both put Baloch on top of their list.

A professional penetration tester and author of “Ethical Hacking and Penetration Testing Guide”, his first book on internet security, Baloch has been participating in various bug bounty programs to help several major internet corporations improve their internet security. He was rewarded with $10,000 in cash and a job offer from PayPal, a global online payment solution, for finding remote code execution vulnerability along with several other high-risk vulnerabilities inside PayPal.

Despite the international recognition, the Pakistani security researcher who released three more security bugs in different Android browsers even on the last day of 2014 hardly got any attention from national news channels.

“Being a Pakistani, I feel great to be recognised by an Israeli company,” Baloch said, responding to a question. CheckMarx was founded by Maty Siman, former advisor to the Israeli Prime Minister’s Office on IT security, who also worked in the computer unit of Israeli Defence Forces.

Published in The Express Tribune, January 3rd, 2015.

Album Vilmorin, Les Plantes Potageres, Paris (Vilmorin-Andrieux & Cie.) 1850-1895. Paris, Museum National d’Histoire Natur.

I often wonder if the famous idiom about children being seen and not heard also applied to vegetables in the early 20th century.  While Country House owners, like Downton Abbey‘s Crawley family, could pride themselves on serving fresh produce grown from their own gardens, no vegetable on their dining room table went uncooked, sometimes beyond recognition.  It is unlikely they realized most of the nutritional benefits were lost when boiling, but it would appear that fashion was an important consideration, and that soft textures were a more gentlemanly way to eat veggies, so as not to distract from conversation around the dining table.  Shaving, mashing and reshaping vegetables into interesting shapes was a favorite treatment for Victorian cooks, a tradition passed along to Edwardians/early 20th century cooks.

Vegetable Courses on Titanic

April 14th marks the 100th anniversary of the sinking of Titanic and you may have noticed more articles and documentaries appearing in the media about the tragedy at sea.  James Cameron’s Titanicis being released in 3D, and Julian Fellowe’s Titanic 2012TV mini-series is currently airing weekly episodes in Canada and the UK, to be shown in the US on April 14 and 15th.

Exploring the foods served on board has been occupying some of my time during the Downton Abbey off season.  Afterall, these same foods would have likely been cooked in Mrs. Patmore’s kitchen.  I had set a goal for myself in January to cook my way through the “last dinner” menus and dishes served in 1st, 2nd and 3rd class (steerage) on Titanic.  Each menu on my blog has hyperlinks to dishes prepared elsewhere.  I haven’t done too badly in working my way through the list, although to think that the kitchen staff onboard Titanic had to prepare all these meals all at once is mind boggling.  With the finishing line in site, I thought today we would bundle up the remaining vegetable dishes in one fell swoop.

The Kitchens of Titanic

Titanic was staffed with specialist cooks

Cookery was very specialized in the early 20th century.  Some cooks did nothing more than prepare vegetable dishes.  On Titanic an army of cooks and assistants worked non-stop to prepare at least 2000 meals a day.  The vegetable cooks worked alongside other specialists: sauce cooks, roast cooks, bakers, pastry cooks, fish cooks, soup cooks, dessert cooks.  There was even a Hebrew cook to prepare kosher meals for Jewish passengers.

Titanic boasted the most modern kitchen equipment of the time and abundant supplies were loaded to serve both passengers and crew: 60 tons of meat and fish products; 50 tons of fruits and vegetables; 5 tons of cereals and 40,000 eggs.

If you are in the final stages of planning a great Titanic Tribute feast, the thing to remember about Edwardian cooking is that they cooked their vegetables until soft.

Minted Green Pea Timbales

the pea timbale provides a splash of color

This was served as part of the Fifth Course in 1st Class, alongside lamb, duck and sirloin beef.  Timbales are custard-like dishes of cheese, chicken, fish, or vegetables baked in a drum-shaped mold.  This classic french vegetable dish is a delicious grown up way to eat mushed up veggies. The pea molds can be prepared earlier in the day, kept at room temperature and heated through before unmolding and serving.

Adapted from Last Dinner on the Titanic (US), Canada and UK

Makes 6 servings


  • 1 tbsp. salt
  • 4 cups peas, fresh or frozen (thawed)
  • 2 1/2 chopped fresh mint
  • 1/4 tsp. granulated sugar
  • 1/4 tsp. pepper
  • 3 egg whites
  • 1/3 cup whipping cream*
  • Fresh mint sprigs
  • Dollop of thick dairy product (low fat Sour cream, crème fraíche or greek yoghurt)


  1. In large saucepan of boiling water, dissolve all but 1/4 teaspoon of the salt. Add peas and blanch for 2 minutes. Drain and rinse under cold water until chilled through; drain well.
  2. Place peas, mint sugar, remaining salt, and pepper in blender or food processor; puree until very smooth. With motor running, add egg whites one at a time; pour in your dairy product and blend until well combined.
  3. Divide pea mixture among 6 greased 1/2 cup ramekins or custard cups lined with parchment rounds. Place ramekins in baking pan; pour in enough boiling water to come halfway up sides of dishes. Cover with foil and using sharp knife, make vent holes at random intervals.
  4. Bake in 350° F/180°C/Gas Mark 4 oven for about 30 minutes or until tester inserted into enter of timbale comes out clean.
  5. Let rest for 2 or 3 minutes; run knife around edge of each dish and turn timbales out onto warmed plates.
  6. Remove parchment rounds.
  7. Garnish with a sprig of mint and a dollop of your favorite thick dairy product.

Creamed Carrots

creamed carrots

This dish was also served to accompany the meat dishes served as part of the Fifth Course in 1st Class.  Mrs. Beeton, the great Victorian cookbook diva, was rumored to have advised that “you should cook carrots no less than 90 minutes”.  If you are planning your own Titanic dinner, you may wish to concede to our more modern tastes and cook the carrots only until easily pierced by a fork.

Adapted recipe from Last Dinner on the Titanic (US), Canada and UK

Makes 6 servings


  • 8 or 9 medium carrots, julienned or sliced on the diagonal, if you prefer
  • 1 cinnamon stick
  • 1 tbsp. butter
  • 1/2 tsp. salt
  • 1/2 tsp. ground cinnamon
  • 1/4 tsp. ground nutmeg
  • Pinch pepper
  • 1 tsp. lemon juice
  • 1/3 cup whipping cream*
  • 2 tbsp. finely chopped fresh chives


  1. Place carrots in medium pan with enough water to cover; add cinnamon stick. Bring to a boil, reduce heat to medium-high, and cook for 6 to 8 minutes or until carrots are fork-tender.
  2. Drain, remove cinnamon stick, and return carrots to pan. Add butter, salt, ground cinnamon, nutmeg, and pepper; mix well.
  3. Add lemon juice and cream; boil for 1 minute or until cream is slightly thickened.
  4. Adjust seasoning if necessary. Turn into shallow serving bowl; sprinkle with chives and serve.

Parmentier Potatoes

Parmentier potatoes named in honor of the man who elevated the potato in France

The final vegetable dish served as part of the Fifth course in 1st Class we will prepare today is Parmentier Potatoes.

Antoine-Augustin Parmentier (August 12, 1737 – December 13, 1813) is best remembered for elevating the lowly potato from the hog trough to dining table in France and around Europe.  Outside of Ireland potatoes were primarily fed to animals and were actually thought to cause leprosy and other ailments.

Traditional parmentier potatoes are pan fried in a cup of butter, then finished in the oven.  My version is much healthier.  It is quick to prepare and kids love it.

Serves 4


  • 1 lb. baking potatoes
  • 2 tablespoons olive oil
  • Salt and Pepper
  • Additional seasoning: parsley or rosemary


  1. Peel the potatoes, trim the sides to make a rough rectangle, then cut in to even sized, medium dices – approx 1 inch.
  2. Drizzle with the olive oil.
  3. Season and spread out on a greased baking dish.
  4. Bake in a 400° F/200° C/Gas Mark 6 for 25-35 minutes until golden brown, shaking occasionally to prevent sticking.

Turnip Puree

lovely pureed turnips (or “neeps” as they are called in Scotland)

Turnips were a popular dish in Britain and Continental Europe.  This dish was served as a side dish in 2nd Class.

Recipe from Last Dinner on the Titanic (US), Canada and UK

Makes 6 servings


  • 2 lbs. turnips
  • 2 tbsp. butter
  • 2 tbsp. honey
  • 1/4 tsp. ground cardamom
  • 1/2 cup milk, heated (reduce fat content by using 1% or skim milk)
  • 1/2 tsp. each salt and pepper


  1. Peel turnips and cut into chunks; place in a large saucepan. Cover with cold water and bring to a boil; reduce heat and simmer for 25 to 30 minutes or until fork-tender.
  2. Drain well and transfer to food processor; add butter, honey, and cardamom; process until smooth. With motor running, gradually pour in heated milk, salt and pepper.
  3. Continue to process until turnips are light and creamy.

* You can easily substitute whipping cream with more health conscious alternatives which won’t sacrifice taste:  unsweetened soy milk, fat free half and half, non fat evaporated milk.

One thought on “Rafay Baloch Research Papers On Waffle

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *