The Sociological Explanations for Class Inequality Essay example
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The Sociological Explanations for Class Inequality
There is much debate in sociology about whether class is still important. Many argue that class is no longer important as an individual's identity and life chances are based more status and cultural factors such as lifestyle, values, intelligence, education and the like, the post-modernists state that class has ceased to be the prime determinant of identity and suggest that societies are now organised around consumption rather than production, consequently people now identify themselves in terms of what they consume rather than in terms of social-class position. Class identity has therefore fragmented into numerous separate and individualised…show more content…
Davis and More state that this is fair as everyone finds their place in a society which offers different levels of rewards, thus inequality is legitimate. They state that since there is value consensus on the relative merit of certain occupations and the salaries they command, inequality does not cause conflict, but is seen as legitimate by all and is an accepted part of society. Talcott Parsons agreed with this and stated that inequality is inevitable, legitimate and functional for everyone. The strength of this theory is that it allows inequality to be linked to talent which is unequally distributed.
However, this theory has many weaknesses; it assumes we all agree about the relative merit of certain occupations, when in reality this is not true. It also assumes that there are no structural barriers in society to those who have talent, for example, race or gender. Although this meritocratic approach has been developed more recently by the "new right", with sociologists such as Saunders arguing that inequality is a necessary push for economic growth which in turn increases living standards, it has also been criticised by those such as Will Hutton who argued that inequality has led to poorer economic performance and not
Show MoreSociology forms the core study of human interaction both in the role of household labor and at the group level. Several writers have stated it for instance. J. Scott (1994) writes that it is important to note that the gender roles of men and women are clearly defined right from birth based on culture, social status and their economic environment. The environment in this case needs both external and internal interactions with their society. In order to investigate the possible contribution of this practice to gender inequality, this paper focuses on how gender and social class has perpetuated inequality within the society and brings up possible solutions to control it.
Over the years, the roles of men and women have been the key study of…show more content…
However, in today’s modern society, men and women are seen as equals and should therefore assume the same responsibilities. Alternatively, by looking at the dynamics of a society one thing becomes clear. Through socialization and other forms of human interaction, individuals learn to differentiate the accepted code of behavior leading to their distinctive roles in society. It is this kind of diversity that drives the uproar for change and better gender representation in all the aspects of life. (See for instance Coon, 2001). For example, parents buying specific toys to communicate different gender roles for a girl and a boy.
The responsibility of men and women has gradually changed over time based on perception and technology. In the traditional set up, every gender occupied a distinct role in the society while in the modern set up equality is a major debate with everyone fighting for equal recognition. However, the difficulty of working mothers staying off work from home creates an additional responsibility at home by looking after babies (For example Scott, 1994). In essence this ultimately leads to inequalities among the gender. In other words, equal division of work is not really equal since mothers have to take additional roles at home.
In our modern set up where there exists a variety of options available for formal education, it has been shown